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What is cyber security?

Cyber security comprises technologies, processes and controls that are designed to protect systems, networks and data from cyber attacks.

Effective cyber security reduces the risk of cyber attacks, and protects organisations and individuals from the unauthorised exploitation of systems, networks and technologies.

What are the consequences of a cyber attack?

Cyber attacks can disrupt and cause considerable financial and reputational damage to even the most resilient organisation.

If you suffer a cyber attack, you stand to lose assets, reputation and business, and potentially face regulatory fines and litigation – as well as the costs of remediation.

The UK government's Cyber Security Breaches Survey 2017 found that the average cost of a cyber security breach for a large business is £19,600 and for a small to medium-sized business is £1,570.

The cyber threats organisations face

Although larger organisations tend to have a realistic appreciation of the cyber threats they face, many small to medium-sized enterprises are unclear about the ways in which they’re vulnerable, and as many as 45% mistakenly think they’re not a viable target.

In fact, all Internet-facing organisations are at risk of attack. And it’s not a question of if you’ll be attacked, but when you’ll be attacked. The majority of cyber attacks are automated and indiscriminate, exploiting known vulnerabilities rather than targeting specific organisations. Your organisation could be being breached right now and you might not even be aware.

For more information on why cyber security is critical to your organisation's survival, download our free green paper: Cyber Security - A critical busines issue >>

Creating a solid cyber security foundation

The most effective strategy to mitigate and minimise the effects of a cyber attack is to build a solid foundation upon which to grow your cyber security technology stack.

Solution providers often tell their clients their applications are 100% compatible and will operate seamlessly with the current IT infrastructure, and for the most part, this is true. The problem arises when we start adding IT security solutions from different manufacturers regardless of the granularity of their configuration settings – technology gaps will always be present.

And technology gaps will always appear for one simple reason: developers will always keep certain portions of their code proprietary as part of their competitive advantage. Hence, true compatibility and interoperability may only be 90%. These are known as technology gaps. It is through these gaps that attacks usually occur.

A solid cyber security foundation will identify these gaps and propose the appropriate action to take to mitigate the risk of an attack.

A solid foundation provides organisations the confidence to build their cyber security strategies.

How we can help

IT Governance has a wealth of experience in the cyber security and risk management field. As part of our work with hundreds of private and public organisations in all industries, we have been carrying out cyber security projects for more than fifteen years. All of our consultants are qualified, experienced practitioners.

Our services can be tailored for organisations of all sizes in any industry and location.


Cyber Security Audit (G-Cloud service ID: 5974 2128 1921 206)

Receive high-level recommendations for improvements to your organisation’s cyber security posture.

This consultancy service is particularly useful for organisations taking their first steps towards complying with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) or ISO 27001, or implementing Cyber Essentials.



Cyber Health Check

The three-phase Cyber Health Check combines on-site consultancy and audit with remote vulnerability assessments to assess your cyber risk exposure. We will identify your actual cyber risks, audit the effectiveness of your responses to those risks, analyse your real risk exposure and create a prioritised action plan for managing those risks in line with your business objectives.



Cyber incident response management (G Cloud service ID: 1607 9563 1889 722)

The speed at which you identify a breach, combat the spread of malware, prevent unauthorised access to data and remediate the threat will make a significant difference in controlling risk, costs and exposure during an incident. Effective incident response processes can reduce the risk of future incidents occurring.

With an effective incident response plan, you will be able to detect incidents at an earlier stage and develop an effective defence against the attack.

Our cyber security incident response consultancy service is based on ISO 27001, ISO 27035 (the international standard for cyber incident response) and best-practice framework developed by CREST. It can help you develop the resilience to protect against, remediate and recover from a wide range of cyber incidents.



SOC 2 Audit Readiness Assessment and Remediation Service (G Cloud service ID: 5571 3202 5853 991)

A SOC 2 Audit Readiness Assessment is a report focused on the Trust Services Principles (TSP) controls – security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality and privacy – implemented at cloud service organisations.

The SOC 2 consultancy is designed to help service organisations prepare for a SOC 2 audit via our readiness assessment and remediation consultancy.



Technical Cyber Assurance Service (G Cloud service ID: 1780 3515 7488 912)

This service has been designed to help organisations improve their security posture by fortifying technical defences across their IT estates (networks, systems and applications).

This comprehensive, end-to-end technical service provides independent advice on selecting, designing, implementing, configuring, managing and testing secure network architectures and supporting infrastructure.

It is aligned with industry best practice, architectural frameworks, standards and protocols, such as The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), the MOD Architecture Framework (MODAF), the Zachman Framework, the CIS Critical Security Controls and ISO 27033:2015.


The above services have been approved for inclusion in the UK government’s Digital Marketplace as part of the Crown Commercial Service (CCS) Cloud Support Supplier scheme under the G-Cloud 9 Framework.


Cyber Security Risk Assessment

Our team of qualified cyber security advisors will provide business-driven advice and guidance on the overall process of assessing information risk.



Cyber Security Risk Management

You will get support developing an information security risk management strategy, enabling you to implement a systematic approach to risk management. This approach will reduce the associated risks to your information assets and protect your business from cyber threats.

The service includes consultancy guidance and advice on developing suitable methods for managing risks in line with the international risk management standard, ISO 27005.



NSCS Certified Cyber Security Consultancy scheme

The NCSC (formerly CESG)’s Certified Cyber Security Consultancy (CCSC) scheme is aimed at organisations looking to do business with the public sector.

The new scheme replaces the CESG Listed Advisor Scheme (CLAS), which focused on individual consultants rather than consultancy firms. CESG introduced the CCSC scheme to reduce the dependence on individual consultants, and to establish the wider credentials of consultancy companies to deliver high-quality, tailored and expert cyber security advice.

Speak to an expert

Please contact our team for advice and guidance on our products and services