Cyber attacks are increasing year after year as criminal hackers’ knowledge evolves, but many organisations’ cyber security is not evolving with it. A criminal hacker will spot a weakness in an organisation and exploit it. This isn’t always a technological weakness, as criminal hackers also exploit people and take advantage of a lack of effective organisational processes and procedures. Cyber crime has become a multimillion-pound industry, with no sign of slowing. In order to protect your organisation, it is vital to become more cyber secure.
This isn’t as simple as investing in hardware and software. Cyber security is a business issue, and top management needs to be held accountable for ensuring that its cyber security strategy meets business objectives and is adopted as a strategic risk. The discussion of cyber risk should include what risks need to be avoided, accepted, mitigated or transferred.
There are three fundamental domains of an effective cyber security strategy: people, processes and technology. An organisation must understand the interdependencies between these three domains to help avoid a cyber attack.
When looking to become more cyber secure, it is vital to look at your staff at two key levels: technical staff and non-technical staff. Technical staff must have broad and up-to-date cyber security skills and qualifications. Specialists are needed to plan and execute the complex activities that are required when delivering an effective cyber security strategy. If the security management staff are poorly trained, it may lead to inadequate management of the cyber security controls, reducing your ability to respond and recover from a data breach.
Non-technical staff must be aware of their role when it comes to preventing cyber threats. A staff awareness programme can help identify potential security problems and help staff understand the consequences of poor information security. This programme can also improve communication between different teams at different levels.
Having efficient processes in place when it comes to procedures, roles and documentation used to reduce risk to the organisation’s data is key when implementing an effective cyber security strategy. ISO 27001 provides a complete set of cyber security processes based on the implementation of an information security management system (ISMS).
When becoming more cyber secure, technology is a key element. In order to have an effective cyber security programme, all cyber risks need to be identified. There also needs to be measures put in place that will help prevent and reduce the impact of these cyber risks.
The UK government has a 10 steps to cyber security framework guide, which provides a summary of the key technical controls that should form part of an effective cyber security strategy. The steps underscore the role of people, processes and technology in cyber security.
Your organisation must have all the relevant processes and training in place to make sure each of the fundamental domains are working together to achieve optimum cyber security.
If you are looking to improve cyber security in your organisation, our Cyber Security Consultancy: Cyber Security Risk Assessment service offers advice and guidance on assessing information risk >>
You can also help your organisation become more cyber secure by educating employees with our Phishing Staff Awareness Course >>